There are shortages of Grade 1 textbooks in primary schools and the Department of Basic Education will fill the need this month, according to the department.

“Student enrollment is higher than expected. We already have the demand list and are distributing textbooks to all regions and states,” said a department official.

The ministry of education started implementing the KG + 12 standard in the 2016-2017 academic years. Last year, KG classes started a new curriculum and this academic year Grade 1 is starting it.

“We started the new curriculum last year, so students can’t buy the same textbooks as before. And then, the ministry is allowing children to attend Grade 1 who are six years old even if they didn’t attend KG,” the official said in trying to explain the textbook shortage.

According to the Ministry of Education, more than 100,000 textbooks have been printed to cover the shortage of more than 70,000 textbooks.

“The academic year started in June. It is already mid-July, and our students do not have all of their textbooks, which is causing teaching problems,” said U Myat Thiha Tun, a teacher at B.E.P.S Ywar Thit Su in Maubin township, Ayeyarwady Region.

Some of the textbooks are already reaching the schools, said U Aung Kyaw Htun, an official of the Rakhine State education office.

However, Daw Moe Moe Thein, who teaches Grade 1 at a monastic school, said, “There are no textbooks. I’m teaching with a teaching guide.”

There are nine subjects in the new Grade 1 curriculum – Myanmar, English, mathematics, science, social studies, physical education, life skills, arts (music and painting), and civics. The new primary school curriculums were designed by the ministry with the cooperation of JICA.

Courtesy of Myanmar Times